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Introducing the Yorkshire Geological Society: get involved in geoscience in northern England

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From the high Pennines.....
- Malham Cove, Yorkshire Dales National Park..... (photo: Alison Tymon)

..... to the coast
- Ravenscar cliff, looking towards Robin Hood's Bay, North York Moors National Park (photo: Alison Tymon)

Publications: one of the Society's very popular field guides

Find out more about the exciting geology of the region and internationally important developments in the Earth Sciences by joining the Yorkshire Geological Society. You will find a warm welcome at the YGS, and we are actively seeking new members to become involved with the Society.

Benefits include:

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A field meeting at Stainland, W. Yorks.: examining the different Carboniferous sandstones on the moor. Members hear lectures on the latest research: a reconstruction of "fire fountains" of gigantic lava eruptions in Siberia around 250 million years ago, which may have cause the mass extinction of 90% of the world's species.  (Presidential Address of Prof. Paul Wignall, December 2010).  A Yorkshire Geology Month walk in Haworth, West Yorks., for the general public,   identifying and explaining the origins of the many different building stones seen in the village. 


The Society:

YGS Publications:

YGS Geological Information Service:

Membership details and link to application form Proceedings from 1837 Geological and Local Web Links
Officers & Council for 2015
  Other Publications and Field Guides Circulars: Index and full texts in PDF from 2003  
Presidents and other Officers from 1837 Book and Map Reviews from YGS Circulars Geological Survey Memoirs for Yorks. (full texts)
The Society's Medals, Awards and Honorary Members   The Society's Rules (updated 2014)

Next YGS Meeting:

'Ribbo" tetrapod reconstruction

Reconstruction of still un-named Scottish Carboniferous terrestrial Tetrapod known as "Ribbo"
by Mike Coates, Chicago University

Saturday 14th March 2015, 2pm – 5pm (with pre-visits to the BGS Core Store from 12.30pm). British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Notts. “Life and environments of tetrapods in the earliest Carboniferous".
Organisers:  John Knight (YGS), David Millward (Team TW:eed), Will Watts (YGS), Andy Howard (BGS)

Tetrapod World early evolution and diversity, or TWeed for short, is a new scientific research project studying fossils and environments from the Early Carboniferous period. The TWeed project intends to fill in a significant gap in our understanding of how tetrapods moved from the water onto land. Experts from the universities of Cambridge, Leicester and Southampton, the British Geological Survey and the National Museums of Scotland are collaborating to study some newly discovered fossils that will help us learn more about the other animals and plants that existed in the Early Carboniferous and the environment in which these evolutionary changes took place.
Important: The BGS has recently needed to reduce the capacity of the de la Beche Lecture Theatre to 100 people until essential modifications are made to the fire exits. Members wishing to attend this meeting will therefore need to register online, please see the YGS website http://www.yorksgeolsoc.org.uk/ for further details. Registration is free, but members are urged to book their place to avoid disappointment. Please avoid registering speculatively, as ‘no shows’ will limit the opportunities for others to attend.
From 11.30: A core workshop ‘Ancient environments of the early Carboniferous’ will be run by Carys Bennett (Leicester University) and Tim Kearsey (BGS), and Mike Howe (BGS) will lead groups around the National Geological Repository. Two tours will be run, each lasting one hour, the first at 11.30 and the second at 12.30. A selection of posters illustrating some of the work of the TW:eed project team will be available for viewing during the day.

On arrival, members should enter via the main entrance of the Kingsley Dunham Building, there will be a signposted assembly point for members participating in the core workshop and National Geological Repository tour. For members attending the core workshops, there will be space and tables available on site between 12.00 and 13.30 for members to sit down and eat a packed lunch.

The afternoon  proceedings will commence at 13.30, de la Beche Lecture Theatre, BGS Keyworth:

13.30: Society Business and Announcements (President of the Society, Dr John Knight)
13.40: Award of YGS Bisat Medal to Tony Waltham
14.00:  David Millward (BGS).   The TW:eed Project: bringing the early Carboniferous world to life
14.30: Jennifer A Clack (Cambridge University):   A new tetrapod world: laying the foundations
15.15: Coffee/Tea Break
15:45:  Tim Smithson (Cambridge University).   Fishy stories from the Tweed: beginnings of the modern shark and bony fish fauna
16.30:  Sarah Davies (Leicester University).   Rivers, lakes, swamps and seas – exploring the early Carboniferous environment
17.15:  Discussion and vote of thanks
17.30:  End of meeting


The TW:eed Project: bringing the early Carboniferous world to life: David Millward (1), Jennifer A Clack (2), Sarah J Davies (3), John Marshall (4) and Nick Fraser (5).
(1) British Geological Survey, Edinburgh; (2) University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge; (3) Department of Geology, University of Leicester; (4) Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton; (5) National Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh
Recently discovered vertebrate fossils from the lower Carboniferous (Tournaisian) succession in northern Britain shed light on to a key stage in the evolution of life on Earth, following mass extinction events towards the end of the Devonian. Tetrapods first became fully terrestrialised during the subsequent rebuilding of ecosystems in the early Carboniferous. However, until these discoveries very little was known about the vertebrate story during the 15 million years at the start of the Carboniferous, and this apparent hiatus is often referred to as Romer’s Gap. Northern Britain is now one of only two areas in the world where tetrapod fossils from this period can be studied.
During the late Devonian and early Carboniferous northern Britain lay in equatorial latitudes and sedimentary basins developed in the Midland Valley of Scotland and Northumberland – Solway areas as a result of the break-up of the ‘Old Red Sandstone’ continent. In these basins, deposition of fluvial sandstones and well developed calcretes of the Kinnesswood Formation were followed by grey siltstone and cementstone-dominated strata of the Ballagan Formation. The latter are interpreted as a coastal alluvial floodplain sequence and host the tetrapod faunas.
The TW:eed (Tetrapod World: early evolution and diversification) project is investigating these tetrapod fossils, along with abundant remains of new fish, arthropods and plants. Studies of the fauna and flora are being tied together with an understanding of the environments, habitats and climate gained from continuous, high-resolution stratigraphical, sedimentological, palynological, geochemical and isotopic data provided by two major sections through the Ballagan Formation, at Burnmouth and the 500 m deep fully cored borehole near Berwick upon Tweed. The research is yielding unprecedented insights into the rebuilding of terrestrial ecosystems after a mass extinction, the acquisition of terrestrial characters by tetrapods, and the circumstances under which they did so. The talks in this meeting will summarise the breadth of research being undertaken and give a flavour of some
A New Tetrapod World: laying the foundations: Jenny Clack, University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge
The earliest Carboniferous stages following the end-Devonian mass extinction has for many decades been considered a hiatus in the fossil record, from which almost no palaeontological information was forthcoming. When initially recognised by Alfred Sherwood Romer, it was a span of at least 25 million years, covering the Tournaisian and most of the Viséan stages, which was blank for the fossil record of tetrapods. Since then, some key discoveries from the late Viséan have closed the gap from the top, but still about 15 million years remains from the time since the end of the Devonian. Only two localities (Blue Beach Nova Scotia, and Auchenreoch Glen Dumbarton) had yielded remains of tetrapods from the entire Tournaisian and early Viséan stages. Discoveries in the Tournaisian Ballagan Formation, in the Borders Region of Scotland and northern England are set to change our perceptions radically. A suite of at least seven new tetrapod taxa has been found in the last few years. They represent both large and small forms. The small forms comprise the earliest body-fossil record of small tetrapod taxa. Some of the larger annimals may resemble the single specimen from Dumbarton, whilst at least one other resembles a taxon from the late Viséan. A cladistic analysis of three of the small forms indicates that they are not closely related to each other or to any other taxon either from the later Carboniferous or the earlier Devonian. Living in what appears to have been a unique environment, they suggest the rapid radiation and diversification of tetrapods as they became better adapted for land-living. It remains to be seen whether any of the new taxa can be associated with the origin of modern amphibians or amniotes. If they are, it could pinpoint the divergence of those modern groups, bringing it back in time by many millions of years.
Fishy stories from the Tweed: beginning of the modern shark and bony fish fauna: Tim Smithson, University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge
The end-Devonian extinction event marked a profound change in the diversity of fishes.  The dominant Devonian taxa, the acanthodians, placoderms and sarcopterygians, were suddenly replaced by minor components of the fauna, the actinopterygians and chondrichthyans.  This replacement began in the Early Carboniferous, during Romer’s Gap, but the evidence for it has been poor. Until recently, the earliest Carboniferous actinopterygians were represented by the ‘Foulden fauna’ a restricted group of small taxa from five lacustrine deposits in Canada, Russia and the UK. Collecting at new marginal marine sites in Canada and the Scottish Borders has uncovered large fusiform and deep-bodied fishes that hint at a previously unrecognised diversity. Similarly, the earliest Carboniferous chondrichthyans were known mainly from localities in China, Russia and North America. In the UK, the entire Tournaisian chondrichthyan fauna was represented by two teeth.  Collecting at new sites in the Scottish Borders has uncovered an extraordinarily diverse fauna of chondrichthyans.  Represented by well-preserved teeth, most of the taxa are new and undescribed.  Notably, the plate-like bradyodont teeth have been found in large numbers and exhibit a broad range of shapes and sizes. They represent fishes that were much larger than their younger relatives from the later Carboniferous.  One group of Devonian fishes that unexpectedly flourished in the Early Carboniferous were the Dipnoi.  Previously known from just one species from the River Tweed at Coldstream, seven new taxa have recently been found at Tournaisian sites across Northumberland and southern Scotland.  Like the bradyodont sharks, the Dipnoi were shell crushing predators, and there is growing evidence that immediately after the end-Devonian extinction a durophagous feeding habit was common.  Romer’s Gap has been described as a post-extinction trough for vertebrates.  The recent discoveries in the Early Carboniferous of northern Britain, indicates that this conclusion is in urgent need of review.
Rivers, lakes, swamps and seas - exploring the early Carboniferous environment: Sarah J. Davies )1), Carys E. Bennett (1), Tim Kearsey (2), David Millward (2) & Janet Sherwin (1).
(1) Department of Geology University of Leicester; (2) British Geological Survey, Edinburgh, EH9 3LA
Interpreting the sedimentology of the Ballagan Formation, the host formation for many of the key tetrapod finds across the borders of England and Scotland, is key to understanding the palaeoenvironments that existed and developed as tetrapods evolved and diversified during the early Carboniferous. The Ballagan Formation is characterised by sandstones, dolomitic cementstones, paleosols, siltstones and gypsum deposits. The depositional environment ranges from fluvial, alluvial-plain to marginal-marine environments.
As part of this project, two >500 m thick successions through the formation have been measured and extensively sampled: the Burnmouth coastal exposure and the Norham borehole core. Correlation of these virtually continuous successions with isolated sections containing rare fossil material (exposed on riverbanks and in quarries) will provide a full interpretation of the depositional environment.
Sandstone-dominated fluvial channel deposits, vary in thickness from a few metres up to >30 m and some have complex multistorey architectures, with evidence for sinuous channel development. Tetrapod remains are associated with conglomeratic horizons along basal erosion surfaces and in fine-grained floodplain sediments. Changes, on the 0.5 - 1 m scale, in the sedimentary facies between fluvial channel deposits  suggest depositional processes and environments changed rapidly in space and time. Diverse paleosols, ranging in thickness from 0.02 to 1.85 m, are aiding our interpretations of the overbank sedimentary architecture: More than 200 separate paleosols are identified from the Norham core and most are entisols and inceptisols, indicating relatively brief development times. Evidence of rooting is abundant through all the paleosols, from shallow rootmats and thin hair-like root traces to the thicker root traces typical of arborescent lycopods.
Cementstones are characteristic of this formation and more than 270 beds occur in each 500 m section. These are laterally extensive dolomite units that contain non-marine and rare marginal marine fauna. Cementstone sedimentology includes laminated and bedded sandstones and siltstones, soft-sediment deformation structures, gypsum, homogeneous micrite and pedogenic features. Formation processes include deposition in saline lakes to sabkha environments, floodplain lakes with clastic input, lagoonal settings and short-lived marine transgressions. Some result solely from diagenetic cementation and appear unrelated to a specific palaeoenvironment. In addition, secondary alteration is common; in the core 47% are brecciated and 9% are pedogenically altered. Our sedimentological research indicates a very dynamic tropical coastal floodplain. The work provides a unique insight into the habitats that existed in this early Carboniferous palaeoenvironment and their links to the evolution of life.

Plans for 2015 also include a major four day Symposium on The Chalk of the Northern Province: its regional context, organised and supported by the Yorkshire Geological Society, Hull Geological Society, University of Hull and the Stratigraphic Commission of the Geological Society, to be based on the University of Hull, 10-13 September 2015

Access or Download the Symposium's First Circular from here: http://www.yorksgeolsoc.org.uk/chalk-symposium.htm


A Word from the President

John Knight, President, 2014-16
The first meeting of the year in Durham proved a great success, despite weather conditions which were a challenge for some of those coming from greater distances.  The turnout reflected the continuing high level of attendance at our indoor meetings and also the benefits of collaborating with local geological societies; the participation of North Eastern Geological Society was most welcome.  Within a programme covering exciting aspects of current research, it was particularly gratifying that this included presentations by early-career postgraduates in the Durham Department.
  Members may be interested to note that the Sirius Passet Black Shale in Northern Greenland, the subject of the presentation on exceptionally preserved fauna by Katie Strang, was first mapped in 1984 and its significance recognised by two distinguished members of the Society, then mapping on behalf of the Greenland Geological Survey - Jack Soper (Sorby Medallist 1995) and the late Alan Higgins.  This connection is reflected in the naming of the Sirius Passet arthropod Kiisortoqia soperi  (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiisortoqia).
The forthcoming meeting at Keyworth offers an insight into one of the most important geological research projects on a British locality - the multidisciplinary investigation of a succession throwing light on the evolution of the earliest tetrapods, covering what has been commonly called Romer’s Gap.  This is the otherwise poorly documented interval in which the first land-living vertebrates became established, marking one of the most profound transitions in the history of life on earth.  The Society appreciates greatly that the various institutions, participants in this project, and the project team have been willing to allow the Society a presentation of on-going research. 
As on many previous occasions the Society again enjoys access to the facilities at British Geological Survey, Keyworth, for this meeting and I am pleased to express our sincere thanks to the Director, scientific staff and site administration.  This I am sure will prove to be one of the meetings highlights of the year.  There are, due to site facilities, unavoidable limits on the number of attendees, requiring us to take the step of requesting registration to attend.  Nevertheless, I look forward to welcoming a large number of our members to this exciting meeting.
John Knight, President

Elland Bypass A629 [SE 103 215] exposes about 25m of Namurian (Yeadonian) Rough Rock in a 500m long cutting. There is a detailed account in the YGS guide, Yorkshire Rocks and Landscape p98, which gives an explanation of the structures in the river dominated prograding delta system.  The exposure was designated as a Local Geological Site by the West Yorkshire Geology Trust in 1996, but has become very overgrown with young birch and oak trees since then.  There has also been limited pedestrian access on the busy road so it has not been possible to get close to the rocks, or even study them at a distance.
However, the road has recently benefited from a new cycle way at the foot of the cliff on the north side of the bypass so it is now easy to walk, with a small group, along the cutting from roadside parking on Exley Lane, just off the A6025 Elland to Brighouse road (SE 106 215).  It is good news that Calderdale Countryside Services has embarked on a programme of clearing some of the trees to assist the study of the rocks in the cutting so that it is now possible to see mudstones at the base of the fining upwards sequence and two or three channel sandbodies which lie above them.  The best location to see the full sequence is at SE 102 214, but there are interesting exposures at road level along most of the cycle way.  The main hazard now is not falling rocks but fast-moving cyclists!
Alison Tymon
West Yorkshire Geology Trust

REVIEW: A Building Stones Guide to Central Manchester (Third Edition) by Peter del Strother and Jennifer Rhodes, 2014, 67 pages & 2 maps, ISBN.978-9928713-1-4
Though the oldest buildings in Manchester date back to Roman and Medieval times, it was the 19th century that saw the creation of one of the greatest cities of the Empire on the back of a combination of great private and public wealth drawing on its industrial and commercial success and accompanying civic pride.  Without the obvious local source of high quality building stone that is seen in, for example, Aberdeen, Bath or the West Riding mill towns, the Manchester builders, architects and their clients drew on a wealth of fine British building stones, and in due course international sources as well, creating a city centre of great variety and interest in terms of the building stones used, of which many are still to be seen today despite many changes in the face of the city.
In 1975 Morven Simpson and Fred Broadhurst of Manchester University’s Department of Extra Mural Studies published the first edition of A Building Stones Guide to Central Manchester, probably the first guide of its kind to be published anywhere, and which has served as a model for dozens of similar studies and guides around the UK and far beyond. Four decades on from that pioneering publication, Peter del Strother and Jennifer Rhodes of the Manchester Geological Association have prepared a new edition which remains faithful to the pioneering work of Simpson and Broadhurst, while bringing this up to date in terms of the present-day townscape and its buildings and other features of geological interest and an updated Glossary of the geological terms used, and with simply superb new photographs (extremely well reproduced by the printer). 
The four suggested walks are indicated on two fold-out maps and cover a total of 76 buildings and sites of geological interest within what is a relatively small area of the city.  Needless to say, due prominence is given to Alfred Waterhouse’s remarkable Town Hall, completed in 1877 and one of the most important Gothic Revival buildings in Europe. Costing the city an astonishing £1.043 million (equivalent to well over £100 million at today’s prices) the external cladding is of Carboniferous Gaisby sandstone from near Bradford, while Waterhouse chose blue slates from Kirkby-in-Furness for the roof.  However, even more remarkable is the great variety of different stones sued throughout the internal structure and decoration of this huge, and remarkable, building. Another great favourite, built around 15 years later is the John Rylands Library with its exterior of red Permian sandstone from near Penrith, while the interior is of the Triassic St Bees sandstone from near Carlisle.
Happily,  Manchester’s love affair with natural stone has continued into modern times, as can be seen in a variety of 20th century buildings and urban landscaping schemes around the city centre.  Of special merit is the Brisdgewater Hall, opened in 1996, and arguably one of the UK’s finest 20th century public buildings, with its external cladding of red Triassic sandstone from Corsehill, near Dumfries, and the imaginative, and often intriguing, use of the famous German Jurassic fossiliferous Solnhofen limestone on the floor and lower parts of the inside walls of the foyer and other areas of the building.
With its very modest price this new edition of what is now a geological classic would be a worthwhile purchase even for those who rarely visit Manchester, while anyone, geologist or not, who is interested in the city and its buildings ought to have a copy alongside their copy of the Pevsner guide to the architecture of Manchester.
Price: £6.00 plus £2.50 postage, from: Manchester Geological Association, c/o Jennifer Rhodes, The Rough Lee, Naylor’s Terrace, Belmont, Bolton, Lancs. BL7 8AP.       
Patrick Boylan   

Latest part of Proceedings of Yorkshire Geological Society (vol. 60 Pt. 2 December 2014) on line on the Lyell Collection at: http://pygs.lyellcollection.org/content/current

The following papers are now available online at http://pygs.lyellcollection.org and will very shortly be available in the published Part:

Obituary [Murray Mitchell, John Phillips Medalist]
Stephen K. Donovan, David N. Lewis and Roderick W. Bouman: Echinoid remains preserved in a Derbyshire screwstone (Mississippian, Visean, Brigantian)
John K. Wright and Peter F. Rawson: The development of the Betton Farm Coral Bed within the Malton Oolite Member (Upper Jurassic, Middle Oxfordian) of the Scarborough District, North Yorkshire, UK
R.G. West, P.L. Gibbard and C. Rolfe: Geology and geomorphology of the Palaeolithic site at High Lodge, Mildenhall, Suffolk, England.
C. Burgess, R. B. Haslam, D. W. Holliday, T. Kearsey, D. Millward, B. Owens, J. Pattison, N. J. Soper, B. Turner, D. Turner and C. N. Waters: Discussion on ‘A Lower Palaeozoic inlier in Wharfedale, North Yorkshire, UK’. Proceedings, Vol. 59, 2013, pp. 173–176
Dean R. Lomax: Henry Culpin (1861–1912): a Yorkshire geologist and palaeontologist, and his collection in the Doncaster Museum and Art Gallery, South Yorkshire
Stephen K. Donovan and Fiona E. Fearnhead: A dearth of diplobathrids (Crinoidea) from the type Devonian System, SW England
C.M. Jones: Controls on deltaic sedimentation in glacio-eustatic cycles of late Marsdenian (Namurian R2b4 to R2c1, Pennsylvanian) age in the UK Central Pennine Basin

Proceedings now fully digitised from vol. 1 (1839) to vol. 5 with free online access to individual YGS members

Instructions for YGS member access to the Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 1839 to 2011 in the Lyell Collection
This notice contains important information that will enable you to access the online.  Please make sure that you retain the address label from the envelope containing your latest YGS Circular– this contains your YGS membership number, which you will need to activate your subscription.
Following the launch of the Proceedings in the Lyell Collection, individual members who subscribe to the journal can now view the entire archive from Volume 1 (1839) online.
Before you can access the Proceedings online, you will need to activate your subscription. To do this, go to the YGS Proceedings subscription activation page:
http://www.lyellcollection.org/cgi/activate/ibasic and enter your subscriber ID number in the bottom right hand box.  Your subscriber ID is your YGS membership number,
which is the four digit number shown in the top left hand corner of the address label, with the prefix YGS (e.g. YGS9999). (Ignore the reference to "Institutional Subscription
Access" at the top, and to "payment confirmation letter) "on the bottom line: just put your YGS membership number in the box on the bottom line and press the "submit" button.)
Follow the instructions on the next screen and complete parts A and B.  In part B, you will need to set your own user name and password, which you will use when you next login
to the Proceedings site in the Lyell Collection. Once you have activated your subscription, you will be able to browse the PYGS archive.
For subsequent access, go direct to the PYGS site on the Lyell Collection web site at http://pygs.lyellcollection.org/
The links to both the subscription activation page and your regular login are live on this YGS Home Page and/or can be copied and pasted into your web browser.
Stewart Molyneux
Principal Editor, Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society

 Some British Geological Survey Memoirs for Yorkshire to download

In a major new development for the Society, the British Geological Survey (BGS) had made available to the Society's website full facsimile copies (in PDF format, including all illustrations) of some earlier Geological Survey Memoirs, listed below. These are now available for downloading for personal, academic, educational, non-commercial research and other non-commercial use, from the Yorkshire Geological Society website http://www.yorksgeolsoc.org.uk/ only. All users must agree to the BGS terms and conditions before downloading each Memoir.
Go to Geological Survey Memoirs index page

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Yorkshire Rocks and Landscapethe popular YGS Field Guide, Third Edition

Yorkshire, famed for its scenic beauty and its rich industrial heritage, contains some of the most interesting geology and scenery in England , from the moors to the coast, including the Yorkshire Dales and North York Moors national parks. The influence of the geology on the landscape and on the industrial development in the region is profound.  

This book is a stimulating field guide to twenty-one locations selected to give comprehensive coverage of the geology, minerals, rocks, fossils and landforms of the area. Excursions vary from easy half–day walks to longer outings. Some are in moorland areas such as the Craven Inliers and the Pennines; others cover the Dinosaur Coast, famous for its rugged beauty and natural history, and coalfields adjacent to the major cities.

  Aimed at beginners and more experienced geologists, the book includes a general introduction to the area’s geological history, detailed location maps, a full glossary of terms, and details of local museums.

  Yorkshire Rocks and Landscape will be used and enjoyed by all those interested in the geology and natural heritage of this exciting and diverse region, especially the links between landscape and the underlying geology,

 About the Authors: The field guide, edited by Drs. Colin Scrutton and John Powell, has contributions from knowledgeable academics, professional geologists and dedicated amateurs, many of them members of the Yorkshire Geological Society. Together in this book they provide the most up-to-date and authoritative guide to the geology of Yorkshire and surrounding areas currently available.  

Published: September 2006; 224 pp, 22 figures.  Price 9.99, plus postage and packing 3.35. Cheques should be made payable to "Yorkshire Geological Society".  Please send your order to: Dr Claire Dashwood, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham, NG12 5GG. E-mail: cfoster@bgs.ac.uk

  Also available at indoor meetings of the Yorkshire Geological Society (no p&p) and from selected bookshops.

Click here for more details, including the full Contents List

SURPLUS COPIES OF "Carboniferous hydrocarbon geology- the Southern North Sea and surrounding onshore areas" Occasional Publication No 7 (2005).

By decision of Council, the remaining stock of this highly regarded volume will now be made available for disposal to members of the Society and attendees at Society meetings.  Copies can be obtained at forthcoming meetings; it is suggested that a donation to Society funds of £2.00 per copy will be appropriate.

Important Notice to Members and others:Short Communications: Proceedings and Circular/Web Site

Rapid publication of short papers is common amongst journals, particularly those published weekly, monthly or bi-monthly, as a way of disseminating information quickly on topical or contentious issues, exceptional new discoveries or major developments.   Given its publication schedule, the adoption of such a publication strategy is not appropriate for the Proceedings.  Nevertheless, as a way of encouraging the membership to make more use of the Proceedings, and for that matter the Society’s other vehicles for publication, the Circular and web site, Council would welcome more short communications. Short communications submitted to the Proceedings might include anything for which it would be worth having a permanent published record, for example descriptions of new and/or temporary exposures.  Those intended for the Circular or web site could include more topical or newsworthy items, including brief reports of field meetings, new fossil/mineral occurrences, photographs of interesting geological features with a brief description or the work of RIGS groups. Short communications to the Proceedings should not exceed two published pages, approximately 2,000 words (or equivalents including figures) and will be subject to the normal review and editorial procedures, although a Summary will not be necessary. Please send your contributions in the usual manner to the Editors (see ‘Instructions to Authors’ in the PYGS as a general guideline).

For the A5 format of the Circular (and web site), contributions should be 300-400 words, but can include colour photographs and figures; these will also be subject to editorial review. These items should be sent to the Circular Editor in the first instance (see back page of the Circular for details).

Stewart Molyneux, Principal Editor PYGS
Keith Park, YGS Circular Editor
Patrick Boylan, YGS Web Editor

Northumberland Rocks and Landscape Cover (193698 bytes)

New Edition 2004 with minor revisions: price 9.99 plus 3.35 postage and packing

Price £9.99, plus £3.35 postage and packing. Cheques should be made payable to "Yorkshire Geological Society".  Please send your order to: Dr Claire Dashwood, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham, NG12 5GG. E-mail: cfoster@bgs.ac.uk

Click here for further details

Corresponding Societies

(Please contact the society representatives and/or websites shown for the latest information)

CRAVEN & PENDLE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Contact: Paul Kabrna e-mail: paul_kabrna@hotmail.com or http://www.cpgs.org.uk/ (usual meeting place for indoor lectures: The Rainhall Centre, Barnoldswick)
Friday, 13 March: A long-term perspective on volcanic ash clouds over northern Europe: Elizabeth Watson, University of Leeds
10 April: When hippos roamed Yorkshire - People, prey and predators in the Last Interglacial: Eline van Asperen Ph.D., Liverpool John Moores University
CUMBERLAND GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Secretary: Rosemary Vidler, 11 Blencathra View, Threlkeld, Cumbria, phone no 017687 79326, e-mail: rosevidler@freeuk.com; http://www.cumberland-geol-soc.org.uk/
EAST MIDLANDS GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Janet Slater, tel. 01509-843.297; e-mail: secretary@emgs.org.uk or http://www.emgs.org.uk (usual meeting place for indoor lectures: Lecture Theatre B3, Biological Sciences Building, University of Nottingham)
21st March: Annual General Meeting followed by Ekbal Hussian: Istanbul: on the brink of a mega-disaster
EAST MIDLANDS REGIONAL GROUP OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Secretary: David Boon, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham, daba@bgs.ac.uk
EDINBURGH GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: e-mail: secretary@edinburghgeolsoc.org; http://edinburghgeolsoc.org/; Lectures Secretary: Kathryn Goodenough, British Geological Survey, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 0ET, tel. 0131-650.0272, e-mail: kmgo@bgs.ac.uk. Lectures are held in the Grant Institute of the University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, at 7:30pm, except where stated otherwise. These meetings are open to the public, there is no charge, and visitors are welcome. Tea and biscuits are served after the lectures, upstairs in the Cockburn Museum of the Grant Institute. (See http://www.ed.ac.uk/maps for location.)
THE GEOLOGISTS' ASSOCIATION: http://www.geologistsassociation.org.uk/: The schedule of field meetings for 2012 includes the following in the wider YGS region: (For further details and to book places please e-mail or telephone Sarah Stafford at the GA Office: geol.assoc@btinternet.com, tel. 020 7434 9298)
HUDDERSFIELD GEOLOGY GROUP: Contact: Phil Robinson, 01484-715.298. http://www.huddersfieldgeology.org.uk/ Meetings at Greenhead College, Huddersfield, on Monday evenings at 7pm unless otherwise stated
9 March: Karel de Pauw: Darwin and Galapagos
HULL GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Mike Horne. Tel: 01482 346 784 or e-mail: secretary@Hullgeolsoc.org.uk web: http://www.hullgeolsoc.org.uk (Usual meeting place for indoor lectures: Department of Geography, University of Hull, at 7.30 pm. N.B. for security reasons the door is locked at 7.40pm). The Club Nights are open to members of the Society, University Students and interested members of the public. At the end of each of these meeting we will choose the topic or topics for the following meeting. Those attending are encouraged to bring some appropriate specimens, photographs, models or texts to contribute to the evening. The Club Night meetings start at 7-45pm. For further information 'phone 01482 346784.
25th February - joint evening meeting with the Harker Geological Society - lecture by Lyall Anderson : "Alfred Harker's Times and Travels".
Thursday 5th March 2015 - (evening lecture) by Rodger Connell on "From Wollaston and Brora to Brae: Understanding your oil field" and the AGM.
LANCASHIRE GROUP OF THE GEOLOGISTS’ ASSOCIATION: Secretary: Jennifer Rhodes, e-mail: sjrhodes@hotmail.com
LEEDS GEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION: Anthea Brigstocke (General Secretary). Tel: 01904 626 013: E-mail: lga@brigstocke.myzen.co.uk Field Meetings: Judith Dawson Tel. 0113 270 1069 e-mail: dawsonemail@tiscali.co.uk or http://www.leedsgeolassoc.freeserve.co.uk (usual meeting place for indoor lectures: Conference Centre Auditorium 2, Leeds University at 7pm
LEICESTER LITERARY & PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY - SECTION C GEOLOGY: Chairman and contact: Dr. Joanne E. Norris, 0116 283 3127, j.e.norris @ ntlworld.com; Website: http://www.charnia.org.uk/ Usual meeting place for indoor lectures (unless otherwise stated): Lecture Theatre 3, Ken Edwards Building, University of Leicester at 7.30pm, refreshments from 7.00pm.
25 February: Dr Richard Butler: Dawn of the giants: how dinosaurs rose to dominate the Triassic.
Saturday 7 March: Annual full-day Saturday Seminar, University of Leicester: Seven Steps to Becoming Human
MANCHESTER GEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION: http://www.mangeolassoc.org.uk Sue Plumb, Hon. General Secretary: e-mail: secretary@mangrolassoc.org.uk; programme enquiries: lectures@mangeolassoc.org.uk. (Usual meeting place for indoor lectures: Williamson Building, Department of Geology, University of Manchester)
4 March 2015 at 18:30 - Joint Meeting with the Geographical Association: Coastal Dunes and Climate Change - Dr Paul Rooney, Liverpool Hope University
NORTH EASTERN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Prof. Gillian FG Foulger, University of Durham, tel. 0191-334.2314, e-mail: g.r.foulger@durham.ac.uk. Lectures are at 7.30pm in the Arthur Holmes Lecture Room, Science Laboratories Site, University of Durham. See website for more details: http://www.northeast-geolsoc.50megs.com
NORTH EAST YORKSHIRE GEOLOGY TRUST: contact@neyorksgeologytrust.com; website: http://www.neyorksgeologytrust.com/: Kathryn Brown,North East Yorkshire Geology Trust, 5 Station Workshops, Robin Hoods Bay, Whitby, N. Yorks. YO22 4TG Tel. 01947 881000
NORTHERN REGIONAL GROUP OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON: Secretary: Dr Mark Allen, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Durham, e-mail: m.b.allen@durham.ac.uk
NORTH STAFFORDSHIRE GROUP OF THE GEOLOGISTS ASSOCATION: Eileen Fraser Tel: 01260 271505 email: fraser@fraserco.co.uk http://www.esci.keele.ac.uk/nsgga/ (usual meeting place for indoor meetings: William Smith Building, University of Keele at 7.30pm
ROTUNDA GEOLOGY GROUP (SCARBOROUGH): contact Sue Rawson, tel. 01723-506.502, email: suerawson@yahoo.co.uk (usual meeting place Room CG7, Scarborough Campus of the University of Hull, Filey Road, Scarborough):
SORBY NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY: Ken J Dorning, Geologists Group Secretary, e-mail: geology@sorby.org.uk; website: http://www.sorby.org.uk/
WESTMORLAND GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: contact: E-mail: mail@westmorlandgeolsoc.org.uk http://westmorlandgeolsoc.co.uk/ Meetings are on Wednesdays and start at 8 pm (unless otherwise stated) and are held in the Abbot Hall Social Centre, Kendal.
18 March: Spiders in Amber: Dr David Penney (Univ. of Manchester).
YORKSHIRE MID-WEEK GEOLOGY GROUP: West Yorkshire based informal mainly amateur and retired group that organises monthly field meetings or museum visits on Tuesdays, Wednesdays or Thursdays. Details in regular Newsletters and on the Group's website: http://mwggyorkshire.webspace.virginmedia.com/. Contact: mwggyorkshire@virginmedia.com
YORKSHIRE REGIONAL GROUP OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Contact: Margaret Cliff mic@rounday-ecl.com
25 February, 6.30pm for 7pm, The Lounge, Merrion Square, Leeds, LS5 8JB: Dr James Lawrence (Radioactive Waste Management Ltd.): The current state of geological screening for disposal of radioactive waste.

2015: Yorkshire Geological Society c/o Patrick Boylan, 2a Compass Road, Leicester LE5 2HF, UK.  E-mail: P.Boylan @ city.ac.uk Last updated: 20th February 2015

Circular and Web Editor: Patrick Boylan, 2a Compass Road, Leicester LE5 2HF, e-mail: P.Boylan @ city.ac.uk

(With thanks to Paul Kabrna, the YGS's first Web Editor, for photographs, and the present banner heading and other images, and to Clare Gordon, Librarian, Earth Sciences, University of Leeds, for assistance in maintaining the YGS archive site on the Leeds University server from 1999 to 2007).